龙门石窟英文导游词

篇一:龙门石窟英文导游词

尊敬的(来自:WWw.zW2.CN 爱作文网:龙门石窟英文导游词)各位游客:

大家好!

很荣幸能为大家做导游!我们今天游览的景区是龙门石窟。我想,您也许游览过风景秀丽的颐和园,观赏过雄伟壮观的万里长城,可今天游览的龙门石窟,会给我们一种耳目一新的感觉。龙门石窟始建于498年,也就是北魏时期,虽然距今已有一千多年的历史了,但是经过后人的修整,至今仍保存得很完整,已被列入《世界遗产名录》,具有很高的艺术价值。请各位在遵守规则、保持清洁的前提下细细观赏。

现在,我们已来到西山石窟脚下,前方的洞穴叫万佛洞,两旁洞壁上密密麻麻地排列着无数个小佛,说它是万佛洞,可真是名副其实。这些小佛大的有三四厘米高,小的却只有两厘米高,别看它们个头小,却都雕刻精细,排列整齐,虽然数目很多,但却排列得井然有序。这些精美的艺术品,都是古代能工巧匠智慧的结晶。大家一定要慢慢地欣赏,细细地品味。

接下来,我们就到了龙门石窟最有代表性的地方——奉先寺,这里有九尊佛像,中间一尊最大的佛像身高17.14米,头高4米,耳长1.9米,他的雕工极为精湛,大佛坐姿端正,面容慈祥,双耳垂肩,就连衣服的褶皱,皮肤的纹理都雕刻得清晰可见。其他八尊佛像也都身材高大,形态各异。总体看来,奉先寺洞穴雄伟壮观,气势磅礴,再加上周围淡淡的薄雾,更是显得神秘莫测,真不愧是神来之笔呀!

龙门石窟有佛像十万余尊,佛洞两千多个,我们已经欣赏完了。再回头看一看这美丽的景观吧,是否还有些依依不舍呢?

关于龙门石窟导游词400字(二)

尊敬的各位游客们:

大家好!

今天,我很荣幸能陪同大家游览龙门石窟。

不知不觉,我们已经来到龙门石窟脚下,我们下车,首先沿着伊水西岸游览西山。

现在我们看到的是千佛窟。千佛窟只有一间屋大小,高三四米,两旁石壁上密密麻麻地排列着无数个小佛像,说他是千佛库真是名副其实。这些小佛像大的有三四厘米,小的却只有两厘米,可别看它们的个头儿像个小不点儿,但都雕刻的很精细,虽然数目众多,但是排列的却非常整齐。

接下来,我们就来到龙门石窟最有名的地方——奉先寺。这里共有九尊佛像,其中中间的佛像最大。这尊佛像,身高17.14米,头高4米,耳朵长1.9米,它的雕工极为精湛,大佛坐姿端正,面容慈祥,双耳垂肩,就连衣服的褶皱,皮肤的纹理都雕刻得清晰可见。其他八尊佛像也都身材高大,形态各异。总体看来,奉先寺洞穴雄伟壮观,气势磅礴,再加上周围淡淡的薄雾,更是显得神秘莫测,真不愧是神来之笔呀!

由于时间的关系,龙门石窟西山的讲解到处结束,给大家留出一些自由时间,龙门石窟还有更多的美景:东山上的石窟、香山寺、白园大家可以再去细细游赏!希望大家玩得开心、不虚此行。

篇二:龙门石窟英文导游词

龙门石窟

大家都知道,我国有四大石刻艺术宝库。它们分别为甘肃敦煌得莫高窟,山西大同得云冈石窟,甘肃天水得麦积山石窟,而另一个呢,就是我们今天要去参观得龙门石窟了。龙门石窟位于洛阳市南13公里处,行车约40分钟,那里不仅是著名得历史名胜,而且是自然风光很迷人得地方。整个龙门石窟由两山组成,一山为香山,因古代得时候,山上长有一种含香味得植物而得名。唐代著名大诗人白居易就长眠与此,白居易晚年在洛阳居住了18年之久,名号为香山居士,逝世之后就葬在这座山得山脚下。另一座为西山,也是我们今天参观得主要景点。大多得造像,洞窟,刻碑,都是建在西山上得。相传两山本为一座山,大禹治水时,嫌其阻水淹田,就用一把大斧子把它劈成了两半,于是就成了两座山,两座山远远望去,就好像一个天然得门阙,中间又有一条伊河自南向北流过,故称伊阙。可谓两山对峙,伊水中流。龙门山色,自古就被喻为洛阳八大景之首,是洛阳地区最好得风景区。自唐代以来,皇帝被喻为真龙天子,凡是与皇帝有关得东西统统用龙来命名。比如皇帝穿得衣服叫龙袍,皇帝住得地方叫龙庭等等。那么,位于皇宫龙庭南面得门,就得名龙门。我们常常说一句话:“外行看热闹,内行看门道”。看景点也是如此,不管多著名得景点,如果你不了解它,不懂得它得背景,历史,意义,你就看不出个所以然来。甚至没什么好看得,仅仅只是到此一游而已。但是如果你掌握这些情况以后,你就会觉得你所看得东西是非常有价值得,是值得一看得,所以,在看龙门前,我给大家详细介绍一个龙门石窟。

龙门石窟,在北魏太和年间(447-499)北魏孝文帝迁都洛阳前后就在此营建,它不是一个朝代某一个时期兴建而成得,而是陆续开凿,经历了众多得朝代,相继大规模营建得。开凿时间长达400多年之久,距今已有1500多年得历史了,我们以前可能也看到很多景点,但那些大多都是明清或者后来重建得,而龙门石窟确实从1500年前遗留下来得。现有佛像十万余尊,佛窟,佛龛2100多个,碑刻题记3600多块,洞内造像多为唐代河北魏时期开凿得、其中唐代占三分之二,北魏占三分之一,大家可能会问,朝代不同,我们要怎么区分哪个朝代得呢?洞窟中虽然都是佛或菩萨,但它都有一个特点,就是跟当时得世俗相结合得,唐代呢,有一个众所周知得审美观点,就是以肥为美,当时人们认为胖才是美,像唐代得武则天啊,杨贵妃杨玉环啊,她们都是除了漂亮以为,都有一个共同得特征,就是丰满。所以,唐代得造像都有圆润丰满这样一个特点。等一下到龙门石窟以后,大家可以找一下,脸庞,肩膀,身材浑厚,圆润得那种就是唐代典型得造像,而北魏,则以瘦为美,北魏造像得特别是:瘦骨清风。所以高高瘦瘦得,很清秀得那种就是北魏得造像。在这里,我已经清楚得讲过了,所以到了龙门以后呢,我要考一考大家,看看你们能否分得出唐代和北魏得造像。

龙门石窟是我国古代莫北人民智慧得结晶,艺术实践得结果,堪称我国雕刻艺术宝库,为研究我国古代历史,文化,佛教,雕刻,服饰提供了极为丰富得资料,它是佛教流传到我国后,与中国文化相结合得典范。查字典范文网http://fanwen.chazidian.com整理该文章,版权归原作者、原出处所有...

那么,千千万万佛像是何人所谓呢?他们又为什么要雕像造佛呢?事实上,绝大部分得洞窟都是皇帝为自己营造得功德窟,龙门石窟大规模营建于北魏和唐代,那时佛教兴盛,帝王将相们深信“轮回报应”,“造佛得佛报”。于是他们不惜花费大量得人力,物力,财力,为自己,父母,亲朋好友营造公德窟,另外一个原因就是统治者出于政治上得需要,利用佛教从思想意识上统治人民。通过开凿扩大石窟来宣扬佛教。第三个原因,开凿石窟得风尚是沿袭佛教发源地之一得古印度而来得。在中国北方,石窟得开凿路线基本上是沿丝绸之路而来得。这也是佛教传入中国得一跳主要路线。

篇三:龙门石窟英文导游词

龙门石窟

Ladies and gentlemen, now let’s appreciate the great works of ancient Chinese. What we can see now is the first temple in the western hill---Qianxi Temple, which was built in the early Tang Dynasty. The word Qianxi means hidden stream in Chinese. During the construction of the temple, the workers found a hidden stream at the place of the cave, hence the name.

After seeing the Qianxi Temple, the cave in front us are the Bingyang Caves. The caves consist of the three large caves, the North, the Middle and the South Caves. They were all built under the imperial court of the Northern Wei Dynasty. The project was not finished in the Northern Wei Dynasty except the central one because of a palace rebelling. There are 11 big statues in the middle cave. Sakyamuni is of dignified and serene appearance, while his disciple and Bodhisattva are of slender figure and elegant look, which are the typical style of the late Northern Wei Dynasty. The floor is engraved with lotus patterns and on the rooftop is a relieve of flourishing lotus flower. The South Cave was completed in the late Sui Dynasty, and the North Cave in the early Tang Dynasty, each with a style of their own days.

In the West Hill of Longmen, there are several “the most” caves to feast your eyes. Just now, we visited the Ten-thousand Buddha Cave with 15000 Buddhist images, which has the most Buddha images, and the Lotus Cave with 2cm-high Buddha images, which are the tiniest Buddha images.

And now, we’ve come to another “most”, the Fengxian Temple, the symbol or the soul of the world-known great Longmen-grottoes, built in the Tang Dynasty, and it is the largest grotto in Longmen Temple with a width of 36 metres (about 118 feet) and a length of 41 metres (about 136 feet). There are nine major figures of various facial appearances and temperaments in the temple that were built in accordance with the Buddhist rite and their relationships by the artists. The most impressive figure is the statue of Vairocana Buddha sitting cross-legged on the eight-square lotus throne. It is 17.14 metres (about 56.23 feet) in total height with the head four metres (about 13 feet) in height and the ears 1.9 metres (about 6.2 feet) in length. Vairocana means illuminating all things in the sutra. The Buddha has a well-filled figure, a sacred and kindly expression and an elegant smile. At the sides of Vairocana there are two statues of Vairocana Buddha's disciples, Kasyapa and Ananda, (Heavenly King and Great Men of Strength) wearing prudent and devout expressions. The various appearances and delicate designs are the representations of Empire Tang's powerful material and spiritual strength as well as the high crystallization of people's wisdoms.

Ladies and gentlemen, here is the “Prescription Cave”, known as Yaofang Dong in Chinese, because 140 prescriptions were engraved at the doorway or inside the cave. It was started in the Northern Qi Dynasty and completed in the early Tang Dynasty with duration of 200 years. The prescriptions preserved in the cave boast the earliest of all the prescription carvings of ancient times.

Then we come to the Guyang Cave. It is the earliest cave in Longmen Grottoes. It has a history of over 1500 years, and was developed on the base of a natural cave.

There are three tiers of niches on the northern and southern wall of the cave, in which are hundreds of statues, and most of the statues are engraved with the names of the artists, the dates and the reasons for carving them. One thing we have to point out is that nineteen of the most famous Twenty Calligraphies are found in Guyang Cave. Twenty Calligraphies represent the steles of the Wei's style, which are the essentials of stele calligraphies in Longmen Grottoes.

Ok, Dear friends, the Longmen Grottoes trip is coming to the end. I want to thank all of you from the bottom of my heart. It is my hope that you’ve enjoyed the trip as much as I have. Thank you!

篇四:英语导游词龙门石窟

Longmen Grottoes tourguide word:

Hello, Confucius said, has the friend to come from the distantplace, delight. Today, I am precisely have this kind of feelings toreceive fellow friends the arrival.

Luoyang, is the historical famous city which the Chinese and foreignis well-known. She has glorious historical, bright cultural and themultitudinous cultural relic historical site. In order to cause fellowguests at Luoyang period can has the further understanding to thisancient city historical culture and the historical site, is riding ina carriage the scenic spot visit on the way, I Luoyang's history andthe Longmen Grottoes approximate situation, will make the simpleintroduction to everybody. Luoyang is located west Henan Province, theYellow River middle reaches Nanan. Because of is situated at northshore the Luohe river to acquire fame, Italy is positive for the Luoriver water.

Luoyang in the history once was the city which the multitudinousdynasty founds a capital, is known to be "nine faces the ancientcapital". In this more than 1,000 years historical perpetual flow,Luoyang once the long time took Chinese the politics, cultural, theeconomical center. Today, we visit the world famous Longmen Grottoesthen are one of multitudinous cultural relic historical sites.

The Longmen Grottoes, in the Luoyang Nanjiao's Dragon Gate mountainpass place, are apart from the urban district 12.5 kilometers, too and19 years opens cutting from Northern Wei Dynasty, up to now some morethan 1,500 years history, it with the Dunhuang Mogao Caves, the Datongcloud hillock rock cave, together has composed our country famousthree big rock caves art treasure house.

Dragon Gate, in the Spring and Autumn Period Warring States timecalled "Iraq Xiangshan (Dongshan) (Xishan) the thing confrontswith Longmen Mountain, the Iraqi water from the average, has formed agrand gate Latter because is in the Sui and Tang dynasties empiresouth, also calls Dragon Gate.

So-called "rock cave", is the hole which opens cutting on the cliffcliff is straight, perhaps natural forms the pit hole, with hides orstores food and the thing. As early as in primitive society, thepeople have used the natural pit hole description zoomorphism and thelife scene, however by the phenomenon appears and the placewhich as the buddhist, the clergy worships buddha and leads a piouslife, actually is starts Buddhism after ancient India to appear.

As a result of wooded mountain lonesome and quiet, mystical, rock cavewarm in winter and cool in summer, the rock cave uses the templeconvenience according to Shan Diaozao which the bricks and stonesbuilds to be more durable than, therefore appeared the collectionbuilding, the drawing, the vulture in ancient India has chiselled artto accomplish This kind of art, does missionarywork the activity along with the clergy to spread to our country theborder area and the inland, with our country national characteristicsand the traditional each kind of artistic technique style fusionconnection, becomes our country one kind of unique carving, thecolored drawing on pottery craft. We must look today the LongmenGrottoes are one of in our country multitudinous temple grouptreasures.

The Longmen Grottoes group carving, the advantage which said besidesfront, but also has the noticeable natural condition. The Iraqi waterboth banks cliff all belonged to the Paleozoic Era cambrian period andthe Ordovician discipline lime rock layer. Its lithical hard, thestructure is

close, not suitably makes decent and the big area suits very much to the artistic statue, compares with other granulatedsubstance rocks, has is suitable for preserved the advantage.

After Luoyang Longmen Grottoes opening cutting is continues Gansu theDunhuang rock cave, the Shanxi Datong's cloud hillock rock cave anlarge-scale group which opens cutting by the imperialfamily, constructs to Northern Wei Dynasty too with the year,successively has been through repeatedly the Eastern Wei Dynasty,Western Wei Dynasty, the Northern Qi Dynasty, the Northern ZhouDynasty, Sui and Tang dynasties, five generations delays until theQing Dynasty. Around more than 400 years. Large-scale, effectivenessbuilds calculates roughly about for 150 years, separately appears inNorthern Wei Dynasty (occupies for more than 40 years) (toapproximately compose about for 110 years) with Sui and Tang dynastiesthe time. The Longmen Grottoes niche for a statue ofBuddha, the statue spread all over along Iraqi water both banks in theDragon Gate thing two mountains on, the north and south longamount to 1 kilometer. Fellow friends, we approximately use 1.5 - 2 hours time at the LongmenGrottoes visit, in this, our each minute may see to 1,000 大大小小images of Buddha. According to 1962 Dragon Gate preservation ofcultural relics statistics, two mountains extant holes niche more than2,100. Size statue 100,000, pagoda 40, statue prefatory remarksinscribed text approximately more than 2,870 blocks. Statue byNorthern Wei Dynasty (Eastern Wei Dynasty, Northern Qi Dynasty), Sui,Tang primarily. Northern Wei Dynasty approximately composes about 30%,Sui and Tang dynasties account for about 60%. The Longmen Grottoesbiggest statue for presents first temple Lu Shenei the Buddha. TheLongmen Grottoes group, the majority of centralisms in Iraqi waterWest bank on, including 7 large-scale caverns. Because of theDragon Gate Dongshan's rock layer compared to Xishan's thin, theinconvenient vulture chisels the large-scale statue. In the LongmenGrottoes, the Northern Wei Dynasty time cavern has representatively isin the ancient positive hole, Binyang the hole, the lotus flower holeand so on. The Sui 代作 representative is south Binyang the hole.The Tang Dynasty has the representative cavern to include: Dives norththe brook temple, Binyang the hole, Wan Fudong, presents first thetemple and so on.

The Longmen Grottoes statue, not only is all previous dynastiesworking people and the artist infinite wisdom and the blood and sweatcrystallization, also is rare and beautiful flowers which externalcultural and our country culture union becomes. These carving is undertaking for god Buddha and the king statue mission, actuallyboldly broke through the religion and the Confucianism "the ritual"the fetter. Melted the massive real life in the carving process,living has displayed each kind of character statue touching scene. Ifjoyful, gentle, dignified, acts with constraint, the pain, down totook to high immeasurable control Buddha dignified solemn andrespectful, coerces waits on the person and reverently provides forthe person to be tranquil, does not have one is not the artists to thereality "the person" the profound observation, unifies the expressionmeans using the realism and the romanticism, performs highly tosummarize the centralized result. Really it may be said is true tolife which the Buddha and the person displays in carving art general,lifelike. But forms in one's mind the layout integrity, imposingmanner concentrating on, overall solid powerful, disposition changediverse, facial expression vivid lifelike, the clothes grain linesmooth is exquisite and so on, was in 1100 in the artistic practicetradition foundation, the massive models external culture, the resultwhich in the technique, the style the careful creation, the massiveinnovations, the breakthrough tradition, sedulously managed. The richtalent ancient times artisan and the carving design artist, facing thebare sheer precipice, was utilizing simple chiselling, carved the sopalatial magnificent careful community image of Buddha,

this inat that time the productive forces and under the production toolextremely backward condition, truly made one sigh for

The Longmen Grottoes look like richly colorful, the comprehensive bigmuseum, for research and so on our country history, religion, culture,art, medicine, has provided the extremely precious material.

Good, fellow friends, we arrived the Longmen Grottoes, now askseverybody to alight, walks with me, visits the rock cave. In in thevisit rock cave process, I give fellow friends to explain several maincaverns with emphasis which the Longmen Grottoes plants.